1984: abortion is allowed under very restrictive circumstances (Law n°6/1984) (11 May)
1995: Law n° 48/1995 (15 March)
1997: Law n° 90/1997 (30 July)
2007: abortion is allowed on request (Law n° 16/2007) (7 April)
Medical abortion: OB/GYN, another physician or a nurse under physician supervision.
All hospitals have the obligation to perform abortion
Doctors are not allowed to perform abortion in their private practice
☷ ABORTION STATISTICS
186 abortions per 1,000 live births (2015).
Abortions “on request”
96% of abortions were performed “on request” in 2015. Time of abortion – Missing data.
☷ CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMEN HAVING INDUCED ABORTION
In 2015, among women who had induced abortion on request:
– 82% were Portuguese
– 30% had at least 1 previous induced abortion
– 58% had at least 1 child.
☷ FERTILITY AND CONTRACEPTION DATA
Women age at first birth
30 years of age (2016).
Overall contraception data
94% of sexual active women aged 15-49 used a contraceptive method (2015):
– 58% used oral contraceptives
– 14% used male condoms
– 12% used intra-uterine devices (IUD)
– 5% used implants
Pre-abortion contraception – Missing data.
Contraception during abortion process
96% of women who had abortion on request had a contraceptive method prescribed during abortion process (2015).
35% of women who had abortion on request had long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) prescribed during abortion process (2015).
LARC is usually placed in abortion facilities:
– IUD is placed 2 to 4 weeks post-abortion visit
– Implant is placed 2 to 4 weeks post-surgical abortion visit or at first medical abortion visit.
☷ COUNTRY-SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS
Women have to give written consent. A medical certificate for abortion signed by a physician other than the one performing the abortion is required.
Abortion is taught during health care professionals’ (HCPs’) medical studies.
All HCPs have the right to conscientiously object; the women are to be referred to another service. The clinic that objected to providing abortion care services has to pay for the abortion.
Surgical and medical abortions are free of charge for resident women, for non-resident women coming from European countries, and for women from other countries having political and diplomatic relations with Portugal.
We thank Dr. Teresa BOMBAS for her help in data collection.
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