1991: abortion is allowed (independence of Estonia)
1998: the Termination of Pregnancy and Sterilization Act is adopted (25 November)
2015: the Termination of Pregnancy and Sterilization Act is amended 02 March)
96% of abortions were performed “on request” in 2016.
☷ CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMEN HAVING INDUCED ABORTION
In 2016, among women who had induced abortion, 54% had at least 1 previous induced abortion.
☷ FERTILITY AND CONTRACEPTION DATA
Women age at first birth
28 years of age (2016).
Overall contraception data
79% of women aged 16-44 used a contraceptive method during their last sexual intercourse; 4.2% of them used intra-uterine device (IUD) (2014).
31% of women who had abortion had a contraceptive method before abortion procedure (2016).
Contraception during abortion process
IUD prescribed during abortion process can be placed in abortion facilities, during abortion or after in first possibility
Implants are not placed in abortion facilities; they are placed by OB/GYN.
☷ COUNTRY-SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS
Women have to give written consent.
Abortion is taught during health care professionals’ (HCPs’) medical studies.
All HCPs have the right to conscientiously object.
Both surgical and medical abortions are free of charge for resident women only when they are performed due to medical reasons.
– Resident women have to pay around 40 € (medical) or 55 € (surgical) for abortion “on request”.
– Non-resident women (whose social tax is not paid) have to pay around 80 € for medical abortion, or 180 € for surgical abortion.
We thank Pr. Helle KARRO for her help in data collection.
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