Abortion legislation

Legislation timeline

  • 1958: first abortion law was passed in former Czechoslovakia
  • 1986: Abortion was fully legalized (23 October)

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion_in_Slovakia

Abortion conditions

Ground Gestational limit
To save a woman’s life 24 weeks from LMP
Because of foetal impairment 24 weeks from LMP
To preserve a woman’s mental health
To preserve a woman’s physical health 24 weeks from LMP
For economic and social reasons
On request 12 weeks from LMP

Source: https://www.womenonwaves.org/en/country/slovakia

Legal conditions

  • Abortion seekers are required to go through mandatory counseling prior to abortion.
  • There is a mandatory waiting period of 48 hours in place before the abortion can be done, from the point when the doctor sends a notification to the National Health Information Center confirming that he/she provided mandated information to the woman.

Specific conditions for minors

  • Girls under 16 require parental consent for an abortion, while girls aged 16 and 17 can have the procedure performed without consent but the parents still have to be notified.


Practical conditions

Medical abortion conditions

Place Prescription 1st drug taken 2nd drug taken
OB/GYN department of a hospital/clinic
Another physician office
Midwife office
Abortion centre/clinic
At home



Abortion statistics

Abortion rates per 1,000 women aged 15-49

Source: http://statdat.statistics.sk/cognosext/cgi-bin/cognos.cgi?b_action=xts.run&m=portal/cc.xts&gohome=

Overall number of induced abortions

Source: http://statdat.statistics.sk/cognosext/cgi-bin/cognos.cgi?b_action=xts.run&m=portal/cc.xts&gohome=

Abortion ratio per 1.000 live births: 111 (2022)

Source: http://statdat.statistics.sk/cognosext/cgi-bin/cognos.cgi?b_action=xts.run&m=portal/cc.xts&gohome=

Abortions performed “on request”: % ()


Overall number of induced abortions vs. medical abortions


Induced abortions per gestational age (2022)

Source: https://slovak.statistics.sk/

Place of abortion ()

Unfortunately we have no data for this country.


Characteristics of women having induced abortion

Distribution of induced abortions according to woman age (2022)

Source: https://slovak.statistics.sk/

In 2022, among women who had induced abortion:

  • 100% lived in Slovakia
  • 73% had at least 1 previous induced abortion
  • 75% had at least 1 child.


  • https://slovak.statistics.sk/

Fertility and contraception

Fertility rates in women aged 15-49

Source: https://slovak.statistics.sk/

Women age at first birth

  • 28.2 years of age (2022)

Overall contraception data

  • 13% of women of reproductive age used a contraceptive method (2022):
  • 3% used intra-uterine device (IUD).


  • https://slovak.statistics.sk/
  • https://datacube.statistics.sk/#!/view/en/VBD_SK_WIN/zd3005rr/v_zd3005rr_00_00_00_en

Country-specific characteristics

  • Only abortions in case of medical reasons are covered by the public health insurance.
  • Abortion providers and any people assisting may be criminalized for an abortion outside of the legal conditions specified in the law.
  • Medical practitioners and providers have the right to refuse abortion services based on personal beliefs. So-called conscientious objection cannot be practiced if the life of the woman or pregnant person is at risk.


Download statistics of Slovakia

The statistics presented are freely accessible and may be used, copied, displayed or distributed provided that their source is given. You can choose whether you prefer to download the statistics of the last 10 years or the full data set. Press one of the buttons to generate a report in PDF format for this country.

Abbreviations: EFTA = European Free Trade Association | EU = European Union | IUD = intra-uterine device | LARC = long-acting reversible contraception | LMP = last menstruation period | GYN = gynaecologist | HCP = health care professional | hCG = human chorionic gonadotropin | HIV = human immunodeficiency virus | OB = obstetrician | Rh = Rhesus | US = ultrasound

A special thanks to our correspondents for contributing in data collection.
Please contact info@exelgyn.com if you have additional data or would like to comment information

Page last updated: 4 March 2024