1953: abortion legalized under former communist Poland
1993: abortion is made illegal on the specific request of the Polish pope Johannes II (Wojtyla)
1997: the President of the Constitutional Court announces that the regulation of permissibility of abortion on the grounds of difficult living conditions or a challenging personal situation loses its legal force

Abort-Report: Abortion conditions in Poland
Specific conditions due to COVID-19

  • Abortions on the grounds of “foetal abnormality” are no longer considered constitutional, as per ruling of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal from October 22, 2020



Legal conditions

  • Written consent by the woman
  • Pre-abortion referral from a physician:

– Pregnant woman life/health: physician specialist relevant to the type of the disease
– Fœtus impairment: physician specialist on the genetic defects who states the defect after the genetic testing

Specific conditions for minors

  • Parent’s (or guardian’s) consent required for minors under 13
  • Consent of the guardianship court required for minors under 13; the minor has the right to express her own opinion.



Abortion legislation | Practical conditions | Abortion statistics | Characteristics of women having induced abortion
Fertility and contraception data | Country-specific characteristics 


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Medical abortion conditions: Not applicable


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☷   ABORTION STATISTICS Abortion rates per 1,000 women in Poland

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☷   FERTILITY AND CONTRACEPTION DATA Fertility rates in Poland


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Pre-abortion referral from a physician is required.


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The slides presented are freely accessible. They may be used, copied, displayed or distributed provided that their source is given


COVID measures taken from the article by Bojovic N, Stanisljevic J, Giunti G. The impact of COVID-19 on abortion access: Insights from the European Union and the United Kingdom. Health Policy. 2021 Jul;125(7):841-858.
Chancellery of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland (Parliament) (
Federation for Women and Family Planning (
Act of 7th January, 1993 on Family-Planning, Human Embryo Protection and Conditions of Legal Pregnancy Termination. Art. 4a (
Rozporządzenie Ministra Zdrowia z dnia 6 listopada 2013 r. w sprawie świadczeń gwarantowanych z zakresu ambulatoryjnej opieki specjalistycznej (


We thank Dr. Krystyna KACPURA for her help in data collection.

If you have additional data or if you would like to comment some information, please contact

Page updated in January 2022