1953: abortion legalized under former communist Poland
1993: abortion is made illegal on the specific request of the Polish pope Johannes II (Wojtyla) 1997: the President of the Constitutional Court announces that the regulation of permissibility of abortion on the grounds of difficult living conditions or a challenging personal situation loses its legal force
Written consent by the woman
Pre-abortion referral from a physician:
– Pregnant woman life/health: physician specialist relevant to the type of the disease
– Fœtus impairment: physician specialist on the genetic defects who states the defect after the genetic testing
Specific conditions for minors
Parent’s (or guardian’s) consent required for minors under 13
Consent of the guardianship court required for minors under 13; the minor has the right to express her own opinion.
☷ CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMEN HAVING INDUCED ABORTION
No additional data
☷ FERTILITY AND CONTRACEPTION DATA
Women age at first birth
27 years of age (2014).
Overall contraception data – Missing data.
Pre-abortion contraception – Missing data.
Contraception during abortion process
Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) is not placed in abortion facilities. Intra-uterine device (IUD) and implants are placed in private clinics.
☷ COUNTRY-SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS
Pre-abortion referral from a physician is required.
Abortion is taught during health care professionals’ (HCPs’) medical studies.
Physicians have the right to conscientiously object. He/She has the right to use the conscience clause and refuse to terminate a pregnancy and refrain from providing medical services incompatible with his/her conscience. This, however, can only happen when the delay is sure not to endanger a life, or pose the treat of serious health damage or serious injury. This right is being abused by physicians and hospitals resulting in the whole medical centres refusing to perform abortions.
Surgical abortion is free of charge for resident women and for non-resident women who are employed, employee’s family members, refugees, registered job seekers or insured in the EU or the EFTA.
We thank Dr. Krystyna KACPURA for her help in data collection.
If you have additional data or if you would like to comment some information, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.